At this stage, my country’s screen printing has changed from manual printing to fully automatic printing, and from traditional printing to digital printing. The development trend of screen printing should be consistent with economic development, because printing technology is closely related to people’s lives, because in the process of economic development, people’s living standards are improving, and aesthetics are also constantly rising. Not only began to focus on products The use effect of the product also has certain requirements for the beauty of the product. This developing trend has driven the development of screen printing. The advantage of screen printing is that the visual effect is different from other printing forms, it is not limited by the shape or material of the object, it is flexible and simple, and can be combined with other materials to generate new ideas and create new era characteristics. Works, more artistic effect.
The origin and characteristics of screen printing
(1) The origin of screen printing
Printing is one of the four great inventions in ancient my country. Screen printing was originally composed of hollow boards, more than 2,000 years ago. In the Qin and Han Dynasties of my country, the batik printing method of clip valerian was invented. According to research, in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Jia Valerian batik printing has already achieved certain achievements and has been widely used by people. In the Sui Dynasty, people began to stretch the Juan net on the screen frame for printing, which was a major advance in technology, and the process of clipping batik printing was transformed into a screen printing process. In the Tang Dynasty, silk screen printing has been widely used to print exquisite patterns on clothing. With the development of society, the original oil-based paint could not meet the needs of printing. It was not until the Song Dynasty that the screen-printed paint got a certain improvement, and the viscous paint was used. By adding starch to the paint, the paint became more sticky. Thick, thus forming a paste, enriching the color of screen printing, the use of oil-based paint has made a major progress. Thus spread to Europe, filament printing technology has been developed and improved.
(2) Characteristics of screen printing
The difference between screen printing and ordinary printing is that it is no longer limited to ordinary printing in the form of printing on a plane. For example, squares made of plastic and metal. cone. Ellipse, etc., because screen printing can be done in different ways for objects of different sizes. Including manual printing, using the feel of the printer to ensure the consistency of printing quality and graphic characters, therefore, there is no fixed requirement for the shape of the printed object during printing, and printing can be performed. This feature has led to expanding the scope of printing. Screen printing technology has been widely used. Screen printing can not only print on small objects, but also print on large objects such as large billboards and curtains. However, the size of printing generally has certain limitations in the traditional printing process. However, screen printing can control the printed frame. The size of the printing can be large or small, and the maximum printing size can reach 12 square meters, or even more big. This shows that screen printing works better than any other form of printing.
Secondly, the soft and small printing pressure of the layout is suitable for printing on various materials. Screen printing is flexible, and the printing pressure is smaller than other methods. Whether it is manual printing or mechanical printing, the pressure flexibility of the actual print can be adjusted. Because screen printing is adjustable for soft and hard, unlike other printing forms, it can be used to print on fragile materials. Example: Ceramics
and glass and glass-like items. In the printing industry, the soft and hard layout has been a problem for many years, and the characteristics of screen printing solve this problem. Screen printing, no rush, you can print on the leather cover, and can also adapt to special forms of printing hard materials, to meet the needs of printing on different materials. The rise of screen printing can not only print on silk fabrics, but also print on fragile materials such as glass and ceramics, which can reflect the low pressure of screen printing.
Second, the principle of screen printing
Over-color printing is a method of screen printing, each color has a version, and the number of versions is determined by the color of the printed matter. Screen printing is composed of five main components, namely screen printing plate, squeegee, ink, printing table and substrate. The basic principle of screen printing is: use the screen to print the graphics and text, and use the screen to penetrate the ink. When printing, pour ink on the screen printing plate, use a squeegee plate to press on the screen printing plate, move through the other end of the screen printing plate, and be squeezed into the printing plate by the mesh of the squeegee during the ink movement. on things. During the printing process, the squeegee should be consistent with the screen printing plate and the substrate, and the contact line should move with the squeegee. Since a certain distance is maintained between the screen printing plate and the printing material, the screen printing plate will produce a reaction due to its own tension, which is called rebound force. The reason why the screen printing plate is only in moving contact with the printing material due to the rebound force is to separate the ink and the screen to ensure the accuracy of the printing size and avoid smudging the printing material.
3. Effective application of screen printing technology in art
(1) Application in industrial screen printing
Screen printing is widely used in the process. For example, plastic printing can be performed in industrial screen printing. It can print vehicle dashboards, various mechanical equipment parts, plastic bags, children’s plastic toys, various forms of plastic containers, shoes, etc. Plastic manufacturers need to use screen printing to produce various plastic products: in hardware printing, the impact of screen printing on the electronics industry is more obvious, and the usage rate of screen printing in the electronics industry is 90%. As far as the TVs in our lives are concerned, both the remote control and the switches of the TV are inseparable from the screen printing technology. There is no circuit without screen printing technology. On the whole, the products made by hardware factories that we see in the market all use screen printing technology: in the printing of fragile glass and ceramics, this category belongs to the category with harder materials and more three-dimensional shapes. Because of the softening of screen printing and the adjustability of hard pressure, it can be used to print on fragile materials compared to other printing forms: textile printing and dyeing can be used to print large areas of cloth , You can also dye and print clothing, bedding, umbrellas, towels, handkerchiefs, backpacks, etc. Screen printing can promote the spiritual connotation of art through the continuous reproduction of artistic works and lifestyles. The selection of screen printing as the creative medium is to make the works present an artistic visual effect.
(2) Application in home decoration
in the process of furniture decoration. Screen printing can further reflect its own artistic value. For example, the Pop style is the most artistic example. Pop style is favored by bold and enthusiastic women, and its avant-garde design style is relatively simple. The popular artistic expression of pop style breaks the seriousness of modernism and highlights the style of hedonism. Therefore, the decoration of the crystal surface and the peculiar expression of the design give people a new look in the new era. In any case, however, their return is not a complete reproduction of previous content and form. When the pop style is used again, in order to meet the needs of the development of home culture, new elements in line with the development of the times are added to the original elements. Compared with the pop style home, the design of modern home is innovative. Because those homes that really enter the market are those that combine art with use.
fit home. The design of pop home is mostly cynical, with a high form of entertainment and artistic expression, a design effect that is completely different from traditional home. It breaks the limitations of traditional design, emphasizes the decorative nature of the design, uses the artistic expression of screen printing, dares to use bright colors, is completely different from the functional design concept, and is attracted by young people. The pop style decorations are very practical. You can change the living style through screen printing in a short period of time, making it full of artistic atmosphere. It can also be regarded as an innovative collision and fusion of tradition and modernity. More artistic color.
(Three applications in graphic design
Graphic design is a means of executing a plan, also known as visual communication design, which communicates and expresses through vision. Graphic designers combine graphics, text, colors, symbols, etc. when conveying design concepts. When these elements are integrated together, the designer’s design concepts can be better conveyed. What really attracts customers is the designer’s design concept, because this is the designer’s
A form of artistic expression, the client needs the designer’s design concept to impress others, and finally realize the value of the design, so graphic design is an art with a special purpose.
The provision of information is the ultimate goal of modern flat design. It is necessary to express its own design concepts through visual means, and to convey these information to the public in the form of text and images. One of the most important features of graphic design is the design of images, especially when the materials and elements used in the product are different. screen printing
Brush technology, because of the wide range of characteristics of screen printing, can provide printing of various materials and help designers to communicate their design ideas. The screen printing process takes graphic design as the main goal to enhance the width of the design performance. Using the printing technology, different visual effects are presented, and its artistic value is further reflected in the process.
To sum up, with the improvement of the economic level, people’s aesthetic awareness is also constantly improving, and the pursuit of art is also constantly strengthening. The style requirements for furniture in life. The aesthetic point of view on porcelain and the ideas to be conveyed by graphic design are all done through screen printing technology, which is not limited by the shape or material of the object, flexible and simple, and can be combined with other materials to generate new ideas , to create works with the characteristics of the new era, more artistic effect. Through screen printing technology, the concept of design can be further conveyed and the requirements of home aesthetics can be fulfilled. To this end, the screen printing technology reflects its own artistic value in the continuous innovation, which makes the screen printing process effectively applied in art.
Post time: Jun-16-2022